Hip Replacement Surgeries

Arthritis is the most common cause for hip replacement surgery. A degenerative joint disease found mostly in middle-aged and older adults called Osteoarthritis, causes the collapse of joint cartilage and adjacent bone in the hips. Rheumatoid arthritis that leads to pain and stiffness, due to inflammation of the synovial membrane that results in excessive synovial fluid. Traumatic arthritisis due to injury, can cause damage to the articular cartilage of the hip. Preparations for the hip replacement surgery.

Your physician may perform a complete physical examination, including x-rays to make sure that you are in good health before undergoing surgery in addition to a complete medical history.

General anesthesia is used most commonly during Shoulder Joint Replacement surgery. The incision is 3 - 4 inches long and is made on the front of the shoulder from the collarbone (clavicle) to the point where the shoulder muscle (deltoid) attaches to the upper arm bone.. If the socket is damaged, the socket is replaced . The surgeon prepares the socket surface by removing the remaining damaged cartilage. The plastic component is then fitted into the socket surface and cemented into position. Your surgeon reattaches the supporting tendons and closes the incision. Your arm will be placed in a sling and a support pillow will be placed under the elbow to protect the repair. A drainage tube will be inserted to remove excess fluids. The drainage tube will be removed on the next day of the Shoulder Joint Replacement surgery. This surgery may last any where from 3 - 4 hours.



Procedure to replace with an artificial hip


Usually surgery to replace a hip lasts for a few hours and it uses either cemented prostheses or uncemented prostheses as they are the two most common types of prosthesis available.
A hip prosthesis is made up of metal and plastic. Surgical cement is used to attach to the bone in case of cemented prosthesis where as in uncemented prosthesis bone is attached with a fine mesh of holes on the surface, in order for the bone to grow into the mesh and attach naturally to the prosthesis.
Surgery is usually carried out under general anesthesia or with spinal anesthesia.



Precautions after surgery


Several days in hospital stay is required by this kind of surgery. The patient begins to regain mobility with the help of physical therapy exercise. Patient is also relieved from pain and made comfortable with the help of medication